Bilder L, Yavnai N, Zini A. Oral health status among long-term hospitalized adults: a cross sectional study. PeerJ. 2014 Jun 10;2:e423. eCollection 2014. PMID: 24949240.

PeerJ. 2014 Jun 10;2:e423. doi: 10.7717/peerj.423. eCollection 2014.

Oral health status among long-term hospitalized adults: a cross sectional study.

Bilder L(1), Yavnai N(2), Zini A(3).

Author information:
(1)Department of Periodontology, School of Graduate Dentistry, Rambam Health Care Campus , Haifa , Israel.
(2)Medical Corps, IDF , Israel.
(3)Department of Community Dentistry, Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Hebrew University, Hadassah , Jerusalem , Israel.

Background. Many Long-Term Care (LTC) institutionalized patients are the most frail and functionally dependent among the geriatric population and have significant oral health disparities.They often suffer from dental neglect due to limited access to appropriate professional dental care. These patients have chronic health situations and are treated with medications, which increase their risk of oral diseases. Despite the growth in elderly population in Israel, there is insufficient data regarding their oral health status and treatment needs.

Objective. To describe the oral health status of the LTC hospitalized adults in a geriatric and psychiatric hospital in Israel. Methods. Data was recorded from LTC hospitalized adults with a physical and/or mental disabilities in a cross-sectional research design, which included general health anamnesis and clinical oral examination. Variables included gender, medicines, oral hygiene (OH), using dentures, number of caries lesions and residual teeth. Univariate analyses included Pearson χ (2) and t-test analyses. Multivariate analyses included logistic and linear regressions while the outcome variables were categorical OH index and number of carious cavitations, number of residual teeth and carious teeth percentage.

Results. 153 participants were included in the study with a mean age of 65.03 ± 18.67 years. 31.3% of the patients were edentulous, and only 14% had partial or full dentures. Females had a significantly higher number of caries cavitation than males (P = 0.044). The number of caries cavitation was higher among patients with poor OH (P < 0.001) and when taking Clonazepam (P = 0.018). Number of residual teeth was higher in the fair OH group (P < 0.001). Carious teeth percentage was higher among the poor OH group (P < 0.001).

PMCID: PMC4060041

PMID: 24949240  [PubMed]

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