Abu-Saad K et al. Blood pressure level and hypertension awareness and control differ by marital status, sex, and ethnicity: a population-based study. Am J Hypertens. 2014 Dec;27(12):1511-20. Epub 2014 May 2. PMID: 24795402.
Am J Hypertens. 2014 Dec;27(12):1511-20. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpu081. Epub 2014 May 2.
Blood pressure level and hypertension awareness and control differ by marital status, sex, and ethnicity: a population-based study.
Abu-Saad K(1), Chetrit A(2), Eilat-Adar S(3), Alpert G(4), Atamna A(4), Gillon-Keren M(5), Rogowski O(6), Ziv A(7), Kalter-Leibovici O(8).
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies about factors associated with blood pressure (BP) levels and hypertension awareness and control are lacking in Israel. We aimed to identify covariables of BP level (across the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-7) categories) and hypertension awareness and control.
METHODS: Participants (n = 763; aged 25-74 years) were randomly selected from the population registry and stratified by sex, age, and ethnicity (Arab or Jewish). Sociodemographic, lifestyle, chronic morbidity, drug therapy, and measured anthropometric and BP data were collected. Hypertension was defined as physician diagnosis, antihypertension drug therapy, or systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg.
RESULTS: Standardized hypertension prevalence was 32.5%. Age and body mass index were positively associated with being in a higher JNC-7 category. In multivariable analysis, the association between gender and JNC-7 category depended upon marital status. Of those with hypertension (n = 315), 66.0% were aware of their status, and 26.0% exhibited adequate BP control. Using "aware-and-controlled" as the outcome reference category, the odds ratio (OR) of being aware and uncontrolled was 1.9 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.3-2.9) for 10-year age increment. The OR of being unaware and uncontrolled was 5.6 (95% CI =2.0-15.8) for Arabs vs. Jews, 5.6 (95% CI = 1.4-22.3) for single/divorced vs. married participants, 3.9 (95% CI = 1.7-9.2) for those with <3 visits to the family physician per year, and 0.1 (95% CI = 0.02-0.4) for those with self-reported cardiovascular disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic factors and primary healthcare service utilization are associated with hypertension awareness and control. Specially focused outreach may be needed to improve hypertension awareness among Arabs, certain subgroups not traditionally considered to be at high risk, and those who have less contact with the healthcare system.
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PMID: 24795402 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]