Mogilevkin Y, Sofer M, Margel D, Greenstein A, Lifshitz D. Predicting an effective ureteral access sheath insertion: a bicenter prospective study. J Endourol. 2014 Dec;28(12):1414-7. PMID: 25244070.

J Endourol. 2014 Dec;28(12):1414-7. doi: 10.1089/end.2014.0215.

Predicting an effective ureteral access sheath insertion: a bicenter prospective study.

Mogilevkin Y(1), Sofer M, Margel D, Greenstein A, Lifshitz D.

Author information:
(1)1 Department of Urology, Rabin Medical Center , Petah Tikva, Israel .

Comment in
    J Urol. 2015 Apr;193(4):1276.

INTRODUCTION: The use of a ureteral access sheath (UAS) may provide significant advantages, particularly, in the treatment of a large renal stone burden. However, in some patients, the passage of a UAS up the ureter is impossible. We prospectively evaluated the ability to insert a 14F UAS and analyzed the possible predictors for an effective insertion.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a bicenter prospective study, 248 consecutive patients undergoing ureteroscopy and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) were recruited. In each case, we attempted initially to pass a 14F Flexor-Cook UAS. If passage was difficult, gradual dilation using semirigid ureteral dilators (Cook Medical) was performed. Patients were categorized into three groups: effective passage, with and without dilation, and failure to pass the UAS. Age, gender, body-mass index (BMI), an indwelling Double-J stent, and a history of previous ureteroscopy or Double-J stent were all analyzed, as possible predictors for an effective UAS insertion.

RESULTS: In 22% of the patients, we could not pass a 14F UAS. Of the preoperative parameters that were examined, we found three independent predictors for an effective 14F UAS insertion: age (odds ratio: 1.5 and 95% CI [1.3, 1.9]), previous same-side procedures (odds ratio: 9.7 and 95% CI [8.3, 14.5]), and an indwelling Double-J stent (odds ratio: 21.73 and 95% CI [20, 30]). The gender, BMI, and side of surgery did not predict the success rate.

CONCLUSIONS: Insertion of a 14F UAS before RIRS may fail in approximately one-fifth of the patients. An indwelling Double-J stent, a history of previous ureteroscopy or Double-J stent, and older age are all significant predictors for an effective 14F UAS insertion.

PMID: 25244070 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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