Cohen M, Baziliansky S, Beny A. The association of resilience and age in individuals with colorectal cancer: an exploratory cross-sectional study. J Geriatr Oncol. 2014 Jan;5(1):33-9. PMID: 24484716.

J Geriatr Oncol. 2014 Jan;5(1):33-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jgo.2013.07.009. Epub 2013 Sep 10.

The association of resilience and age in individuals with colorectal cancer: an exploratory cross-sectional study.

Cohen M(1), Baziliansky S(2), Beny A(3).

Author information:
(1)Department of Gerontology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address: cohenm@research.haifa.ac.il.
(2)Social Work Department, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.
(3)Oncology Institute, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

BACKGROUND: Studies generally report lower emotional distress in older patients with cancer than in younger patients with cancer. The personality construct of resilience was previously found to be higher with age, but has not been assessed in relation to emotional distress in older patients with cancer.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the mediating effect of resilience on the associations between age and emotional distress in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: An exploratory cross-sectional study of 92 individuals, aged 27-87 years, diagnosed with CRC stage II-III, 1-5 years prior to enrollment in the study. They completed the Wagnild and Young's resilience scale and Brief Symptoms Inventory-18, cancer-related problem list, and demographic and disease-related details.

RESULTS: Older age, male gender, and less cancer-related problems were associated with higher resilience and lower emotional distress. A Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis and mediation tests showed that, while controlling for cancer-related problems, resilience mediated the effects of age and gender on emotional distress.

CONCLUSIONS: The study enlarges the explanation for the consistent previous findings on the better adjustment of older patients with cancer. Increased professional support should be provided for patients with low resilience levels.

© 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID: 24484716  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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