Vered M et al. Key architectural changes in tumor-negative lymph nodes from metastatic-free oral cancer patients are valuable prognostic factors. Clin Exp Metastasis. 2014 Mar;31(3):327-38. PMID: 24395336.

Clin Exp Metastasis. 2014 Mar;31(3):327-38. doi: 10.1007/s10585-013-9631-4. Epub 2014 Jan 7.

Key architectural changes in tumor-negative lymph nodes from metastatic-free oral cancer patients are valuable prognostic factors.

Vered M(1), Schiby G, Schnaiderman-Shapiro A, Novikov I, Bello IO, Salo T, Rytkönen A, Kauppila JH, Dobriyan A, Yahalom R, Taicher S, Dayan D.

Author information:
(1)Institute of Pathology, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, lmy@netvision.net.il.

Regional lymph node (LN) metastasis in oral cancer patients is the most significant grave prognostic factor. We evaluated the relationship between clinical outcomes and different histopathological changes in tumor-negative LNs (LN0) selected from neck dissections without metastatic disease (pN0). A total of 435 LN0 selected from pN0 neck dissections (up to three nodes in each level) were scored for histopathological parameters of LN areas, capsule thickness, subcapsular and medullary sinus ectasia, lobular architecture and percent of cortical reactive follicles. These were compared to 328 LN0 selected from neck dissections with metastases (pN+) after exclusion of metastatic LNs. Data were presented by maximum scores of each parameter in I-III (close) and in IV-V (distant) levels. Limited data from level V and regression analyses inferred that the values in level IV represented the worst changes for most patients. Cox proportional hazard regression on each parameter in close and distant levels demonstrated that capsule thickness, number of lobules and percent of reactive follicles were significantly associated with time to death from disease. The higher the change in distant levels, the shorter the time to death, while the higher the change in close levels (given a stable change in distant levels), the longer the time to death. After adjustment for gender, age and location, only the effect of the percent of reactive follicles retained their significant effect. Logistic regression of metastases demonstrated that all parameters except for percent of reactive follicles were significantly associated with risk of metastases, with differences between close and distant levels similar to those found for time to death. After adjustment for gender, age and location, only the  area and number of lobes retained their significance. The findings of this study suggested that selective histopathological changes in tumor-negative LNs in metastatic-free patients provide new valuable prognostic parameters.

PMID: 24395336  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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